This project aims to improve the skills and opportunities for socio-professional inclusion of people with special needs in the organic farming sectors by improving the quality and adaptability of vocational training, training methods, materials and curricula.
People with special needs are at risk of being segregated and their possibilities in the labour market are very limited. Promoting their professional inclusion is of utmost importance, as it provides fulfilment, autonomy, inclusion and a better quality of life.
In this context, agriculture appears as a good niche for their inclusion, provided that the right training contents, methods and qualified professionals are put in place. This has been extensively tested by FMM and many organisations in the field of Social Farming, which includes activities based on interaction with agricultural environments to produce social services that promote social inclusion (e.g. therapy, continuing education, work integration, etc.). Among other groups, Social Farming targets people with special needs, and has proven to be effective in improving their health, quality of life, social inclusion and skills development.
Exclusion, Segregation, Integration and Inclusion can be used in the same context, but their meaning is different from each other. It is therefore important to identify their differences.
Exclusion is based on the idea that there are "normal" people and others who are not. Consequently, people with functional diversity are excluded from society because they are not considered "normal".
Segregationism separates, excludes and segregates groups such as women, racial minorities, religious minorities and persons with disabilities from the rest of the population on sexual, racial, religious, or ideological grounds.
It is considered that people who manage to adapt will be considered part of society. The more rehabilitated and "normal" they are, the more integrated they will be.
Inclusion is associated with people's ability to accept others and live together in harmony, accepting differences. If society itself promotes inclusive environments, barriers do not exist and all people are included, as they have the same opportunities.