Exclusion, Segregation, Integration and Inclusion can be used in the same context, but their meaning is different from each other. It is therefore important to identify their differences.
Exclusion is based on the idea that there are "normal" people and others who are not. Consequently, people with functional diversity are excluded from society because they are not considered "normal".
Segregationism separates, excludes and segregates groups such as women, racial minorities, religious minorities and persons with disabilities from the rest of the population on sexual, racial, religious, or ideological grounds.
It is considered that people who manage to adapt will be considered part of society. The more rehabilitated and "normal" they are, the more integrated they will be.
Inclusion is associated with people's ability to accept others and live together in harmony, accepting differences. If society itself promotes inclusive environments, barriers do not exist and all people are included, as they have the same opportunities.